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Dijver Lit Up At Dusk With St Saviour Cathedral In The Background, Bruges, West-Vlaanderen, BelgiumGuild Houses In Alley, Bruges, Belgium


About BRUGES HISTORY

To the casual observer, Bruges will come across as a huge set for a period piece taking place in the middle ages. The Venice of the north, as it is known, is a well-preserved city where the entire historic center has been recognized as a UNESCO world heritage site.

The history of Bruges begins around 2000 years ago. At this time there was a Gallic-Roman settlement on the site of the city. The inhabitants survived and prospered by agriculture and trade. During the third and fourth centuries the Romans had a fortification here and by the mid sixth century this fort had possibly become the most important one on the Flemish Coast.

During the next few centuries trade and contact began with Scandinavia and the Vikings. The name Bruges is derived from the old Scandinavian word "Bryggja" which means landing area and harbor. The city continued to grow due to its proximity to the North Sea and by the ninth century Bruges was an important commercial center and had a strong citadel called the Burg.

By the eleventh century Bruges had become an important commercial center for Europe. During this time though the natural link between Bruges and the sea silted over. A severe storm and flood in 1134 changed the appearance of the Flemish coast and a deep channel appeared, the Zwin, which at the time reached as far as present day Damme.

In the thirteen-century merchants from all over the world were visiting Bruges. They came to sell their goods and to buy acclaimed Flemish cloth. This time was a time of civil unrest also. In 1302 an uprising of residents took the side of the Flemish count against the king of France. On 11 July 1302, an event took place that shook the world. Local residents and many Brugian craftsmen, supported by the count being held captive in France, battled an army of what the Flemish felt were arrogant French noblemen.

In the fourteenth century Bruges turned into an international financial and trading center. Several countries had their own representation in Bruges, including the Italians, the Germans, the Scottish and the Spanish. This helped create what was a multicultural European city. Prosperity increased and art and culture flourished.

The local residents and craftsmen selected the marshlands for the battle. The French nobleman and their warhorses helplessly sank into the marsh of the Groeningekouter, and were dispatched one by one. In the 19th century a statue was erected in the Brugian market for Jan Breydel and Pieter De Coninck, two deans of the Brugian guild who organized the victory known in history as the Battle of the Golden Spurs, which today remains a symbol of civic revolt.

The decline of Bruges' wealth started in the 15th century due to the unstoppable silting up of the Zwin and the competition with the bigger harbor of Antwerp. In the sixteenth century Bruges began to recover to an extent, but the city had clearly lost its leading regional position. The split from the Netherlands in1584 led to the final decline of Bruges early prosperity.

Through the seventh and eighteenth centuries Bruges still maintained some of its capitalist spirit with merchants still trading with England and the West Indies. The city did struggle through the following centuries and at one time was Belgium’s poorest city. New industries where tried but with little success. The city again began to attract attention in the late nineteenth century when it was discovered by International tourism and tourists. The cities heritage and culture begin to bring once again prosperity to the town and region.

Today visitors from all over the world explore and experience the wonders and charms of medieval and historic Bruges.

Finest Collection of Bruges Faboulous Framed Arts , Delivered at your House

Beautiful Sunny Morning On The Canals Of Bruges, Bruges, Belgium
Beautiful Sunny...
McKinlay, Doug
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Riverboats In Canal Of Bruges, Belgium
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MedioImages, Inc
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Chateau Des Bruges
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Wiscombe, Martin
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Cloister at Bruges
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Duvall, Roger
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Harl 4425 f.138v Venus comes to the rescue on a chariot drawn by six white doves, Bruges, c.1487-95
Harl 4425 f.138v...
Master of the Prayer Books
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Stake at Bruges during the Government of Fernando Alvarez de Toledo (1508-82) Duke of Alba
Stake at Bruges...
Hogenberg, Franz
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Belfry And Canal Buildings From The Dijver., Bruges, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium,
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Mayfield, Diana
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Markt Buildings And Umbrellas From The Belfort (Belfry)., Bruges, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium,
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Mayfield, Diana
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Statues On Facade Of Stadhuis., Bruges, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium,
Statues On Facade...
Mayfield, Diana
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Dijver Lit Up At Dusk With St Saviour Cathedral In The Background, Bruges, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium
Dijver Lit Up At...
Moos, Martin
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Poortersloge/Burghers' Lodge On Left And St Gilliskerek Church In Distance, Bruges, Belgium
Poortersloge/Burg...
Moos, Martin
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Guild Houses On Markt, Bruges, Belgium
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Moos, Martin
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Sepulchral Monument To Bishop Jb De Castillon  In Cathedral St Salvator, Bruges, Belgium
Sepulchral...
Moos, Martin
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Pedestrians Crossing Canal And Houses Near Jan Van Eyckplein, Bruges, Belgium
Pedestrians...
Moos, Martin
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The Rooftops Of Bruges And The Landmark Tower Of 13Th Century St Salvatorskathedral, Belgium
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McKinlay, Doug
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Buildings From Belfry., Bruges, Belgium
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Carillet, Jean-Bernard
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Buildings Of Markt Place.,  Bruges, Belgium
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Carillet, Jean-Bernard
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Begijnhof, Convent For Benedictine Nuns.,  Bruges, Belgium
Begijnhof,...
Carillet, Jean-Bernard
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Elevated view of the market square in Bruges
Elevated view of...
Walter Meayers Edwards
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Elevated view of the market square in Bruges
Elevated view of...
Walter Meayers Edwards/National Geographic
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Hotel Rating Location

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Ibis Centre Hotel Brugge  Katelijnestraat 65 A, City 69
Ibis Centre Hotel Brugge Ibis Centre Hotel Brugge is ideally located in the historical centre. Guests can visit area attractions such as the Beguinage, Brangwyn, Damme, Saint-Jean and Gruthuuse Museum and the canals, which are just 3 minutes, walk away from the ...
Olympia Hotel Brugge  Magdalenastraat 16, City 69  €
Olympia Hotel Brugge A warm welcome awaits you at the Olympia Hotel Brugge, a cosy and homelike place where you want to come back. It is only 400 metres to the medieval centre, where all the interesting buildings, squares, shops and restaurants are. Very easy to find, ...
Martin's Hotel Brugge  Oude Burg 5, City Centre 69  €
Martin's Hotel Brugge Located in the city centre, Martin's Hotel Brugge is just a stones throw from Grote Markt and the famous monument The Belfry. It is also easily accessible from all the tourist attractions in the city. The hotel offers 138 comfortable guest rooms, ...
Portinari Hotel Brugge  T Zand 15, Central Location 88  €
Portinari Hotel Brugge The Portinari Hotel Brugge is located on T Zand Square in the centre of Brugges. The hotel is a short walk or drive from the railway station. This is a pleasant property with a wonderful location, suitable for all markets and restaurants. When ...
Academie Hotel Brugge  Wijngaardstraat 7-9, City 80  €
Academie Hotel Brugge Situated in the golden tourist triangle of Bruges, Academie Hotel is less than 50 meters from the famous Lake of Love and the Beguinage or Convent. The most known sightseeing attractions are all within walking distance from the hotel. Fine ...
Hotel De Castillion  Heilige Geeststraat 1 , City 125  €
Hotel De Castillion The Hotel De Castillion is located in the heart of Bruges, in the shadow of Saint Salvator’s Cathedral. To enter the Hotel De Castillion is set to foot in another world, an oasis of calm, cosmopolitan hospitality and good taste. All the 20 luxurious ...
Oud Huis De Peellaert Hotel Bruges  Hoogstraat 20, Central Location 144  €
Oud Huis De Peellaert Hotel Bruges The Oud Huis De Peellaert Hotel Bruges is an elegant and luxurious property situated right in the historical centre of Bruges and only 150 meters from the Market Square. While visiting this hotel, you can discover style and understated elegance, ...
Golden Tulip Medici Hotel Brugge  Potterierei 15, Canal Bank / Market Place 128  €
Golden Tulip Medici Hotel Brugge Golden Tulip Medici Hotel is located along one of the most beautiful and major canals of Bruges. The main market square, restaurants, shopping streets and tourist attractions, are all within close vicinity of the hotel. Offering all facilities for a ...
Die Swaene Hotel & Restaurant Brugge  Steenhouwersdijk, Central Location 150  €
Die Swaene Hotel & Restaurant Brugge Along one of Brugge's most picturesque canals you will find the most romantic hotel of the city Die Swaene. An outstanding hotel offers you an excellent well known restaurant, a cosy bar and a lounge that dates from the 18th century. For relaxation ...
Hotel Het Gheestelic Hof  Heilige Geeststraat 1, City 70  €
Hotel Het Gheestelic Hof Situated in the city of Brugge, Hotel Het Gheestelic Hof is a Typical Brugge Manor House with a gothic facade. The hotel offers comfortably equipped guests rooms that are well furnished. In the morning, guests can enjoy a leisurely and extensive ...

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