Paul Gauguin Prints-Pictures-Biography
Post Impressionism Paintings-Famous French Artist
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Gauguin paintings Tahitian Women, Tahiti Village, Hail Mary
 

Paul Gaugin (1848 - 1903). A leading French painter of the Postimpressionist period, whose development of a conceptual method of representation was a decisive step for 20th-century art. After spending a short period with Vincent van Gogh in Arles (1888), Gauguin increasingly abandoned imitative art for expressiveness through colour. From 1891 he lived and worked in Tahiti and elsewhere in the South Pacific. Although his main achievements were to lie elsewhere, Gauguin was, to use a fanciful metaphor, nursed in the bosom of Impressionism. His attitudes to art were deeply influenced by his experience of its first exhibition, and he himself participated in those of 1880, 1881 and 1882. The son of a French journalist and a Peruvian Creole, whose mother had been a writer and a follower of Saint-Simon, he was brought up in Lima, joined the merchant navy in 1865, and in 1872 began a successful career as a stockbroker in Paris. In 1874 he saw the first Impressionist exhibition, which completely entranced him and confirmed his desire to become a painter. He spent some 17,000 francs on works by Manet, Monet, Sisley, Pissarro, Renoir and Guillaumin. Pissarro took a special interest in his attempts at painting, emphasizing that he should `look for the nature that suits your temperament', and in 1876 Gauguin had a landscape in the style of Pissarro accepted at the Salon. In the meantime Pissarro had introduced him to CÚzanne, for whose works he conceived a great respect---so much so that the older man began to fear that he would steal his `sensations'. All three worked together for some time at Pontoise, where Pissarro and Gauguin drew pencil sketches of each other (Cabinet des Dessins, Louvre). In 1883-84 the bank that employed him got into difficulties and Gauguin was able to paint every day. He settled for a while in Rouen, partly because Paris was too expensive for a man with five children, partly because he thought it would be full of wealthy patrons who might buy his works. Rouen proved a disappointment, and he joined his wife Mette and children, who had gone back to Denmark, where she had been born. His experience of Denmark was not a happy one and, having returned to Paris, he went to paint in Pont-Aven, a well-known resort for artists. Here, he stopped working exclusively out-of-doors, as Pissarro had taught him, and generally began to adopt a more independent line. His meeting with van Gogh, the influence of Seurat, the doctrines of Signac, and a rediscovery of the merits of Degas---especially in his pastels---all combined with his own streak of megalomania to produce a style that had little in common with the thoughtful lyricism of the work of his erstwhile mentor Pissarro. Monet confessed to a liking of his Jacob Wrestling with the Angel (1888; National Gallery of Scotland), which he saw at the exhibition Gauguin organized in 1891 to finance his projected excursion to places where he could live on `ecstasy, calmness and art'; the proceeds amounted to 10,0000 francs, some of it coming from Degas, who bought several paintings. There were still evident in these new works traces of pure Impressionism, and of the very clear influence of CÚzanne (as in the Portrait of Marie Lagadu, 1890; Art Institute of Chicago)---a fact pointed up by a CÚzanne still life owned by Gauguin which is shown behind her---but basically this period marked the parting of the ways between Gauguin and Impressionism. Gauguin's art has all the appearance of a flight from civilisation, of a search for new ways of life, more primitive, more real and more sincere. His break away from a solid middle-class world, abandoning family, children and job, his refusal to accept easy glory and easy gain are the best-known aspects of Gauguin's fascinating life and personality. This picture, also known as Two women on the beach, was painted in 1891, shortly after Gauguin's arrival in Tahiti. During his first stay there (he was to leave in 1893, only to return in 1895 and remain until his death), Gauguin discovered primitive art, with its flat forms and the violent colors belonging to an untamed nature. And then, with absolute sincerity, he transferred them onto canvas

 

 
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Deux Thaitiennes
Deux Thaitiennes
Gauguin, Paul
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Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Wher
Where Do We Come...
Gauguin, Paul
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Matamoe
Matamoe
Gauguin, Paul
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Tahitian Landscape
Tahitian...
Gauguin, Paul
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Hail Mary
Hail Mary
Gauguin, Paul
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Village in Tahiti
Village in Tahiti
Gauguin, Paul
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Tahitian Women
Tahitian Women
Gauguin, Paul
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Ta Matete
Ta Matete
Gauguin, Paul
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Vahine No Te Vi
Vahine No Te Vi
Gauguin
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Tahitian Woman with Blossom
Tahitian Woman...
Gauguin, Paul
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Jeune Femme
Jeune Femme
Gauguin, Paul
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When Do You Marry?
When Do You...
Gauguin, Paul
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Woman with Mango
Woman with Mango
Gauguin, Paul
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The Siesta
The Siesta
Gauguin, Paul
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Tahitian Women
Tahitian Women
Gauguin, Paul
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Three Tahitians
Three Tahitians
Gauguin, Paul
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Tahitian Woman with Blossom
Tahitian Woman...
Gauguin, Paul
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Rupe Rupe
Rupe Rupe
Gauguin, Paul
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Fatata Te Miti
Fatata Te Miti
Gauguin, Paul
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LES ALYSCAMPS
LES ALYSCAMPS
Gauguin, Paul
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Two Nudes on a Tahitian Beach, 1891
Two Nudes on a...
Gauguin, Paul
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Ta Matete
Ta Matete
Gauguin, Paul
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Jeune Fille a L'eventail
Jeune Fille a...
Gauguin, Paul
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Nafea Faa Ipcipo
Nafea Faa Ipcipo
Gauguin, Paul
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Still Life with Onions, Beetroot, and a Japanese Print
Still Life with...
Gauguin, Paul
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Day of the Gods
Day of the Gods
Gauguin, Paul
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Matamoe
Matamoe
Gauguin, Paul
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Moon and the Earth
Moon and the...
Gauguin, Paul
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Woman With Fruit
Woman With Fruit
Gauguin, Paul
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Fatata Te Miti, 1892
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Gauguin, Paul
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Woman and White Horse
Woman and White...
Gauguin, Paul
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Breton Bather
Breton Bather
Gauguin, Paul
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Breton Landscape
Breton Landscape
Gauguin, Paul
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Nevermore
Nevermore
Gauguin, Paul
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Daydreaming
Daydreaming
Gauguin, Paul
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Harvest Scene
Harvest Scene
Gauguin, Paul
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Tahitian St. Mary With Baby
Tahitian St. Mary...
Gauguin, Paul
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Tahitians With Animals
Tahitians With...
Gauguin, Paul
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Three Tahitians
Three Tahitians
Gauguin, Paul
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Landscape In Brittany, 1888
Landscape In...
Gauguin, Paul
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Landscape
Landscape
Gauguin, Paul
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Women Dancing, 1888
Women Dancing,...
Gauguin, Paul
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The Offering, 1902
The Offering,...
Gauguin, Paul
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Washerwoman, 1886
Washerwoman, 1886
Gauguin, Paul
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When Are You Getting Married?
When Are You...
Gauguin, Paul
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Breton Peasant Woman
Breton Peasant...
Gauguin, Paul
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Two Breton Women
Two Breton Women
Gauguin, Paul
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Man on Beach
Man on Beach
Gauguin, Paul
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Landscape in Brittany
Landscape in...
Gauguin, Paul
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Three Tahitians
Three Tahitians
Gauguin, Paul
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Femme Au Mango
Femme Au Mango
Gauguin, Paul
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Orana Maria
Orana Maria
Gauguin, Paul
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Deux Thaitiennes Accroupiees
Deux Thaitiennes...
Gauguin, Paul
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Nevermore
Nevermore
Gauguin, Paul
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Matamoe
Matamoe
Gauguin, Paul
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Life's Questions
Life's Questions
Gauguin, Paul
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Making Merry
Making Merry
Gauguin, Paul
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Breton Landscape, 1894
Breton Landscape,...
Gauguin, Paul
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When Are You Getting Married
When Are You...
Gauguin, Paul
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Three Tahitian Women
Three Tahitian...
Gauguin, Paul
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Tahitian Woman with Blossom
Tahitian Woman...
Gauguin, Paul
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Three Tahitian Women (Detail)
Three Tahitian...
Gauguin, Paul
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Tahitian Woman with Blossom (Detail)
Tahitian Woman...
Gauguin, Paul
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Haere Mai
Haere Mai
Gauguin, Paul
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Ferme a Arles
Ferme a Arles
Gauguin, Paul
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Mahana No Atua 1894
Mahana No Atua...
Gauguin, Paul
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Plage du Pouldu
Plage du Pouldu
Gauguin, Paul
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Femme Au Mango
Femme Au Mango
Gauguin, Paul
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Three Tahitians
Three Tahitians
Gauguin, Paul
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La Sieste
La Sieste
Gauguin, Paul
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A Vase of Flowers, 1896
A Vase of...
Gauguin, Paul
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Landscape At Le Pouldu
Landscape At Le...
Gauguin, Paul
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Tahitian Landscape, 1891
Tahitian...
Gauguin, Paul
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The Bathers, 1898
The Bathers, 1898
Gauguin, Paul
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Tahitian Landscape, 1891
Tahitian...
Gauguin, Paul
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The Bathers, 1898
The Bathers, 1898
Gauguin, Paul
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Te Rerioa
Te Rerioa
Gauguin, Paul
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The Siesta
The Siesta
Gauguin, Paul
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Village In Tahiti
Village In Tahiti
Gauguin, Paul
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When are you getting married?
When are you...
Gauguin, Paul
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Au Cafe
Au Cafe
Gauguin, Paul
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Paysage de Bretagne
Paysage de...
Gauguin, Paul
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Two Tahitian Women with Mangos
Two Tahitian...
Gauguin, Paul
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Women of Tahiti
Women of Tahiti
Gauguin, Paul
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Still Life
Still Life
Gauguin, Paul
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Bay of Saint Pierre in Martinique
Bay of Saint...
Gauguin, Paul
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Portrait-Vincent Van Gogh Painting Su
Portrait-Vincent...
Gauguin, Paul
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A Vase of Flowers
A Vase of Flowers
Gauguin, Paul
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Landscape with Two Breton Women
Landscape with...
Gauguin
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A Vase of Flowers
A Vase of Flowers
Gauguin, Paul
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Osterwald Park
Osterwald Park
Gauguin, Paul
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Tahitian Women on the Beach
Tahitian Women on...
Corbis Collection
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Breton Landscape, the Mill
Breton Landscape,...
Gauguin, Paul
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Maternity
Maternity
Gauguin, Paul
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Bouquet of Flowers
Bouquet of...
Gauguin, Paul
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Breton Peasant Women
Breton Peasant...
Gauguin, Paul
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Vairaumati
Vairaumati
Gauguin, Paul
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Tahitian Women
Tahitian Women
Gauguin, Paul
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The Gold of Their Bodies
The Gold of Their...
Gauguin, Paul
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Arearea (Happy Summers)
Arearea (Happy...
Gauguin, Paul
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Paul Gauguin - The Savage Dream
Paul Gauguin
Birth:   Jun. 7, 1848
Paris
Death:   May. 8, 1903
Atuona, Hiva Oa, Marquesas Islands
 
Painter and woodcut artist. First he was a sailor, then a stockbroker in Paris but painted in his free time. He began working with Camille Pissarro in 1874 and showed in every Impressionist exhibition between 1879 and 1886. In 1884 he moved with his family to Copenhagen, where he unsuccessfully pursued a business career. He returned to Paris in 1885 to paint full-time, leaving his family in Denmark. In 1885 he met Edgar Degas, next year he met Charles Laval and Emile Bernard and Vincent van Gogh. With Laval he traveled to Panama and Martinique in 1887 in search of more exotic subject matter. He turned to primitive cultures for inspiration. In 1891 he auctioned his paintings to raise money for a voyage to Tahiti, which he undertook that same year. Two years later illness forced him to return to Paris but he was able to return to Tahiti in 1895. He unsuccessfully attempted suicide in January 1898. In 1899 he founded his own periodical "Le Sourire". In 1901 he moved to the Marquesas, French Polynesia, where he died.  (bio by: Jelena)
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Burial:
Altuona Cemetery
Altuona, Hiva-Oa, Iles Marguises
 
Record added: Jul 8 1998
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
Added by: Bauer Ute